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 Peacekeeping

The history of the Ukrainian Armed Forces participation in Peacekeeping operations

CURRENT PARTICIPATION OF THE ARMED FORCES OF UKRAINE IN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

Nowadays 990 servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine participate in
12 peacekeeping missions and other operations under the aegis of the UNO, EU and NATO in 8 countries of the world and in the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei.

1. UN Mission in Liberia

References: Law of Ukraine  1355-XV dated 9 Dec 2003;

Law of Ukraine  15-XI dated 10 Jan 2013;

The Decree of the Ukrainian President  1279/2003 dated 10 Nov 2003;

The Decree of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine  187 dated 18 Feb 2004;

Memorandum of Understanding;

Letters of Assist.

The current strength of the Ukrainian peacekeeping contingent  255 servicemen.

Armament and military equipment:

Helicopters:

̳-8  8

̳-24  3

Vehicles:

BTR-60PB  1

BRDM-2  3

Vehicles  50

Trailers  31

Location: Robertsfield airport and Greenweel airfield.

Main tasks:

 Transportation of Missions personnel and VIPs;

 Cargo transportation;

 Medical transportation;

 MEDEVAC/CASEVAC;

 Observation flights;

 Aerial escort of force movement.

There are 4 Military observers from Ukraine in UNMIL.

Since November 2010 the Ukrainian Aviation unit is authorized to operate in Cote dIvoire and Liberia territories in support of ONUCI and UNMIL as inter-mission cooperation. At present time three combat helicopters are involved in operations in Cote dIvoire.

Location: Man airport

UN Mission in Liberia was launched in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution dated 19 Sept 2003  1509 (2003). 01.10.2003. Mission was given a mandate for 1 year, which is renewed annually. The Missions strength is 7 432 (127 of them are Milobs). Mission HQ is located in Monrovia.

According to the UN Security Council Resolution 2066 (2012) dated 17 September 2012 the reduction of the UN Mission in Liberia to about 4 200 pers in three stages between August 2012 and July 2015 was approved. As a result, before July 2015 the strength of UNMIL military contingent will be approximately 3 750 servicemen.

Main tasks of Mission are:

 To supervise observance of the treaty on ceasing fire by both sides;

 To control human rights observing in AOR;

 To assist disarmament process, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation

of all participants of militant formations;

 To provide security for key governmental institutions;

 To participate in reformation of the Armed Forces and police of Liberia;

 To provide security of UNO personnel and other international organizations and;

 To protect civil population.

2. UN Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

References: Law of Ukraine  582-VII dated 19 Sep 2013;

The Decree of the Ukrainian President  515/2013 dated 17 Sep 2013;

The Decree of the Ukrainian President  806/2000 dated 20 Jun 2000;

The Decree of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine  406 dated 23 May 2012;

Memorandum of Understanding;

Letters of Assist.

The current strength of Ukrainian peacekeeping contingent  250 servicemen.

Armament and military equipment:

Helicopters ̳-24  4

Helicopters ̳-8  4

Vehicles  34

Trailers  18

Location: Goma airfield, Bukavu airfield and Bunia airfield.

Main tasks are:

 To provide aerial reconnaissance and surveillance;

 To provide containment and, if necessary, fire support of UN forces;

 To provide search and rescue operations.

There are 15 military observers in MONUSCO.

MONUSCO was established on 30 Nov 1999 according to the UN Security Council Resolution  1279 (1999).

The Mandate of Mission was extended until 31 Mar 2014.

The Missions strength is 21 474 (522 of them are Milobs). Mission HQ is located
in Kinshasa.

Main tasks of Mission are:

 To supervise observance of the treaty on ceasing fire by both sides;

 To establish and maintain connections with headquarters of parties to the conflict;

 To collect and verify information about the Armed Forces of the parties;

 To assist disarmament process, demobilization of all participants of militant formations;

 To assist in providing humanitarian assistance and supervision of the Human Rights affairs.

3. The National Peacekeeping Contingent in Kosovo

References: Law of Ukraine  006-14 dated 16 Jul 1999;

The Decree of the Ukrainian President  852/1999 dated 14 Jul 1999;

The Decree of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine  401 dated 30 Mar 2006;

General and financial Agreement between Ukraine and NATO dated 20 Sep 1999.

The current strength of Ukrainian national contingent in KFOR 
163 servicemen.

Ukrainian national contingent also includes 3 staff officers of special operational group. They carry out their duties in KFOR HQ.

Armament and military equipment:

Vehicles:

Trucks  29

Special  20

Trailers  7

Location  camp Bondsteel;

Main tasks of UKR contingent are:

 To provide patrolling in areas of responsibility;

 To control border entry points;

 To provide duty on observation posts;

 To provide security for local population and guarding important objects.

National contingent carries out missions as part of Multinational Battle Group East (led by the US).

The main structural units of Multinational forces are 2 multinational battle groups, multinational special unit and tactical reserve battalion.

Multinational Battle Groups (MBG):

MBG East (USA), HQ in Soevo. The group includes units of the Armed Forces of the United States, France, Germany, Morocco, Greece, Poland, Turkey and Ukraine.

MBG West (Italy), HQ in Pech. The group includes units of the Armed Forces of Italy, Austria and Slovenia.

Multinational special unit (Italy), HQ in Pryshtyna.

The unit consists of units of the Armed Forces of Italy.

Tactical Reserve Battalion (Portugal) is a unit, stationed at Camp Slim Lines. The battalion consists of units of the Armed Forces of Portugal and Hungary.

Main tasks of KFOR are determined in respective OPLAN approved by SACEUR. They are assigned:

 To provide a safe and secure environment;

 To provide a border security;

 To prevent a cross-border smuggling of weapons;

 To provide public order and prevent armed clashes between ethnic groups in Kosovo;

 To patrol compact residence enclaves of national minorities;

 To facilitate development of Kosovo Security Force.

4. UN Mission in Kosovo

References: Resolution of Verkhovna Rada  3626-ղ dated 19 Nov 1993.

representatives of the Armed Forces of Ukraine carry out their duties in UNMIK.

UNMIK was established in accordance with the UN Security Council Resolution
 1244 (1999) and consists of 4 main components:

1. Civil Administration  representing the UN Secretariat;

2. Issues of Humanitarian Aid  representing the UNHCR;

3. Development of State institutions  representing OSCE;

4. Issues of Kosovo restoration  representing EU.

Since 2006, the Mission has been reducing and from December 2008 to July 2009, there was a radical reform of the UN Mission in Kosovo and the reduction of staff of the Mission. The total strength of Mission is 363 persons. Mission HQ is located in Pryshtyna, Kosovo.

Main tasks of Mission are:

 To provide coordination of KFOR, EULEX and the rest of organizations efforts;

 To provide human rights observation;

 To provide maintenance of legality;

 To support mass media activity;

 To provide democratization of society.

5. UN Mission in Southern Sudan

(from Dec 2005)

References: The Decree of the President of Ukraine  446/2012 dated 13 Jul 2012.

The Mission was established on 8 July 2011 according to the UN Security Council Resolution  1996 (2011). Mission was given a mandate for 1 year, which is renewed annually. 4 Ukrainian servicemen carry out the duties in UN Mission in Southern Sudan.

The Mission Force strength is 7 536 servicemen (147 of them are Military observers). Mission HQ is located in Khartoum.

Tasks of military observers are:

 To patrol areas of responsibility;

 To collect and analyze Information;

 To resolve tasks according to positions.

Main tasks of Mission are:

 To strengthen peace, security and stability in the country;

 To help create conditions for the implementation of democratic governance, and relations with neighboring countries.

6. International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan (ISAF)

References: The Decree of the President of Ukraine  47/2007 dated 26 Jan 2007;

The Decree of the President of Ukraine  27/2010 dated 15 Jan 2010;

Resolution of Verkhovna Rada  401/2006 dated 30 Mar 2006;

Technical agreement between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of Lithuania Concerning the Deployment of the Ukrainian Peacekeeping Personnel within the Lithuanian Contingent in the framework of International Security Assistance Force, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan dated 13 Apr 2011;

Technical agreement between the Minister of National Defense
of the Republic of Poland and the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine
on the Deployment of the Ukrainian Peacekeeping Personnel in the Polish Military Contingent in Ghazni Province, the Islamic Republic
of Afghanistan, within the Framework of the International Security Assistance Force dated 18 Nov 2010;

Technical Agreement between the Ministry of Defence of the Italian Republic and the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine regarding Provision of Logistic Support to the Ukrainian Personnel Embedded in the Italian Contingent dated 7 Aug 2013.

29 Ukrainian servicemen carry out the duties in ISAF.

Location: ISAF HQ, Kabul.

ISAF Special Forces HQ, Kabul

ISAF Joint Command, Kabul

Lithuanian contingent, Kabul International Airport.

Lithuanian Army Air Mentory Team of the Afghan National Army, Kandahar province;

Polish military hospital, Ghazni;

Italian contingent, Herat.

Main tasks of national staff are:

 To establish and maintain cooperation with governmental agencies of Afghanistan and representatives of international organizations, deployed in the country;

 To plan and implement measures to ensure the safety of personnel;

 To plan and implement the civil-military cooperation measures;

 To assess the situation in the area of responsibility of the Group;

 To provide medical aid to the International Security Assistance Force and the local population;

 To provide advisory assistance to doctors in local hospitals;

 To provide engineering reconnaissance and explosive ordnance disposal in the area of ??responsibility of the Group;

 To provide advisory assistance to the Afghan National Army soldiers on helicopters maintenance and operation.

Stabilization operations of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan was launched under the UN mandate, adopted by UN Security Council Resolution dated 20 Dec 2001  1386(2001). The Missions strength is 57 004 from 49 countries of the world. Mission HQ is located in Kabul.

6 Regional Commands:

Capital, HQ is located in Kabul. ISAF Regional Commander Capital  Brigadier General Erhan Uzun (Turkey);

North, HQ is located in . Mazari Sheriff. ISAF Regional Commander North  Major General Jorg Vollmer (Germany);

West, HQ is located in Herat. ISAF Regional Commander West  Brigadier General Michele Pellegrino (Italy);

East, HQ is located in Bahram. ISAF Regional Commander East  Major General James C. McConville (USA);

South, HQ is located in Kandahar. ISAF Regional Commander South  Major General Paul J. LaCamera (USA);

Southwest, HQ is located in Lakshar Gah, ISAF Regional Commander Southwest  Major General Walter Lee Miller, Jr. (USA).

Main tasks of Mission are:

 To provide situation stabilization and security provision in the area of ??responsibility, assistance to the Afghan government in maintaining security;

 To provide support of the district offices in Provincial Reconstruction;

 To provide realization, together with Ministry of Defense of Afghanistan and Coalition Forces in Afghanistan, of the Program of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, as well as implementation of anti-drugs program;

 To provide participation in the personnel and units preparation for the Afghan National Army.

7. United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA)

References:

The Decree of the Ukrainian President  446/2012 dated 13 Jul 12.

The United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei was established on 27 June 2011 according to the UN Security Council Resolution  1990 (2011). The Security Force was given a mandate for 6 months, which is renewed till 31 May 2014. 6 Ukrainian servicemen carry out the duties in UN Interim Security Force for Abyei.

The Security Force strength is 4 092 servicemen (124 of them are Military observers).

Mission HQ is located in Abyei Town

Main tasks of national staff are:

 To conduct inspection and rotation of units in Ethiopia contingent;

 To collect and analyse information;

 To solve issues according to the positions.

Main tasks of Mission are:

 To protect civilians and specialists of humanitarian organizations in the area;

 To control the following of Agreement between the Government of Southern Sudan and Liberation Movement in Sudan according to temporary security procedures in the region;

 To monitor the movement of troops (forces) and population.

8. United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)

References:

Technical agreement between the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic on the participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)

United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus was established on 4 March 1964 according to the UN Security Council Resolution  186 (1964). The UNFICYP was given a mandate for 6 months, which is renewed till 31 January 2014.

2 Ukrainian officers carry out the duties in UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus.

The UNFICYP strength is 936 uniformed personnel (868 of them are servicemen)

Mission HQ is located in Nicosia.

Main tasks of military observers are:

 To patrol areas of responsibility;

 To collect and analyse information;

 To monitor the situation in the areas of responsibility;

 To provide assistance and cooperation with humanitarian organizations, monitoring of governmental and nongovernmental agencies functioning;

 To solve issues according to the positions.

Main tasks of Mission are:

 To assist the normal activities of the civilian population in the buffer zone;

 To provide a certain humanitarian assistance;

 To monitor the ceasefire line;

 To maintain a buffer zone;

 To support the mission of Goodwill of Secretary General.

9. Joint Peacekeeping Force in Transdniestria region of the Republic of Moldova

(from Dec 1998)

References: Odessa agreements dated 20 Mar 1998;

Resolution of Ukrainian Cabinet of Ministers  1284 dated 14 Dec 2011; Instruction of Ukrainian Cabinet of Ministers  419-r dated 14 Mar1999;

Common order of Ukrainian Minister of Defense with Ukrainian Minister of Foreign Affairs  235/130 dated 4 Aug 1999.

10 Ukrainian military observers take part in crisis resolution activities
in Transdniestria region of Moldova.

Location:

 Bendery town;

 Dubossary town;

 Kryuliany town;

 Dorotskyi village;

 Vadul-Lui-Vode village.

Main tasks of military observers are:

 To provide observation of security zone;

 To carry out the JMC tasks concerning peace and order in security zone;

 To participate in Joint Control Committee meetings;

 To participate in Joint Military Committee (JMC) meetings;

 To verify the duty performance at block posts and entry gates.

Joint Peacekeeping Force in Transdniestria region of the Republic of Moldova is conducted by joint peacekeeping forces of the Armed Forces of Moldova, Transnistria, Russia and Ukraine on the basis of Agreement on the principles of peaceful settlement of the armed conflict in Transdniestria region of the Republic of Moldova dated 21 July 1992.

Joint Peacekeeping Forces are composed of:

 Allied military command and headquarters of joint peacekeeping forces;

 units that are deployed at the posts;

 rapid response team;

 military commandant and a military observers group.

There are 15 posts and checkpoints within the security zone, in which national contingents personnel from Moldova, Transnistria and Russia perform tasks.

Military Observers Group is created to maintain peace and order and to form the prerequisites for solving problems in a peace way.

The main tasks of the national contingents are:

 To perform tasks on peacekeeping posts and checkpoints within the security zone;

 To response rapidly to incidents of tension in order to prevent disruption of the peace process;

 To provide security of joint peacekeeping forces headquarters.

10. EU NAVFOR operation ATALANTA

(from September 2010)

References: Law of Ukraine  580-VII dated 19 Sep 2013;

Law of Ukraine  617- VII dated 8 Oct 2013;

Decree of President of Ukraine  41/2010 dated 20 Jan 2010;

Decree of President of Ukraine  530/2013 dated 25 Sep 2013.

From November 2010 the Ukrainian officer was deployed to EU NAVFOR Operational Headquarters (Northwood  UK), being the first participation from Ukraine in the EU NAVFOR operation.

Since 3 January 2014 Ukrainian national contingent consisting with the Hetman Sahaidachny frigate crew, the unit of special purposes and helicopter detachment started performing tasks as a part of EU NAVFOR operation ATALANTA.

The strength of the national contingent is 249 (204 of them are frigate crew).

The main equipment are the frigate Hetman Sahaidachny and helicopter Ka-27 PR.

The place of patrolling is the north-western part of Indian Ocean (near the coast of Somalia).

EU NAVFOR Operation ATALANTA is the European Unions first naval operation that was launched in support of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1814 (2008), 1816 (2008), 1838 (2008) and 1846 (2008) of the 2009 was UN Resolution 1918 launched.

Currently, EU NAVFOR is operating under the aegis of UNSCR 1950 (2010). The EU NAVFOR was given a mandate, which is renewed till December 2014.

The main tasks are:

To prevent and combat piracy;

To protect civilian ships that perform tasks in the World Food Program;

To protect commercial vehicles circulating in the area of operations;

To monitor the coastal waters of Somalia in areas where is the potential danger, especially for marine traffic;

To take the necessary measures, including the use of force to prevent attempted acts of piracy or armed robbery;

To arrest and transfer the persons who commit, or are suspected in carrying out acts of piracy or armed robbery;

To interact with structures and organizations represented in the region in order to combat acts of piracy.

The HQ is in Northwood, United Kingdom.

11. Operation ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR

(from January 2006)

References: 1. The Decree of the President of Ukraine  71/2006 dated 26 Jan 2006;

2. The Decree of the President of Ukraine  1076/2006 dated 17 Nov 2006.

Operation ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR is NATOs only article 5 operation on anti-terrorism initiated as support to the United States immediately after 9/11. It therefore aims to demonstrate NATOs solidarity and resolve in the fight against terrorism and to help detect and deter terrorist activity in the Mediterranean and also enabling NATO
to strengthen its relations with partner countries, especially those participating
in the Alliances Mediterranean Dialogue.

In the context of Ukraines active participation in international efforts to counter international terrorism, our country continues to work at involvement to NATO Article 5 operation ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR, in accordance with NATO-Ukraine Agreement dated April 21, 2005.

Establishment of the primary National Contact Point at the basis of Ukrainian Navy HQ for ACTIVE ENDEAVOUR related information exchange became an important step in this regard.

The main tasks of the primary National Contact Point are:

To provide daily exchange of public information for monitoring merchant shipping and classified information on suspicious vessels with the command headquarters (maritime component) of the NATO Allied Forces (Naples, Italy);

To inform, according to NATO intelligence data, defined structural units of central executive bodies on suspicious vessels traveling to the ports of Ukraine.

The main tasks of the capabilities of the Ukrainian Navy during the operation is  surveillance and monitoring of marine areas, tracking of suspicious ships and perform landings on the ship.

From 13 October to 13 November 2013 Ternopil corvette (strength of crew  98 servicemen, inspection team  10 servicemen) participated in operations.

At present, Ukraine continues its participation in the form of active information exchange through the primary National Contact Point.


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