The Army of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
History of creation
The Army of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was formed as an organic structure of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the basis of the Decree of the President of Ukraine according to the Article 4 of the Law of Ukraine “On the Armed Forces of Ukraine” in 1996.
The Army of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is the main possessor of the combat power of the Armed Forces of the independent Ukrainian country.
According to the its designation and tasks, the Army is a decisive
factor in peace and wartime.
The Structure of the Army of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
The Commander-in-chief of the Army of the Armed Forces of Ukraine - Colonel-General Petruk Mykola
The branches of the Army of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
Mechanized and armoured force, which make a basis of the Army, execute tasks of holding the occupied areas, lines and positions tasks of enemy’s impacts repelling, of penetrating enemy’s defence lines, of defeating the enemy forces, of capturing the important areas, lines and objects, operate in structure of marine and landing troops.
Mechanized and armoured forces consist of mechanized and armoured divisions and brigades.
Formations and units of mechanized and armoured forces are equipped by:
- T-64, T-72, T-80, T-84 tanks;
- BTR-60, BTR-70, BTR-80 armoured personnel-carriers;
- BMP-1, BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles;
- other types of armaments.
Rocket troops and artillery of the Army consist of formations of operational-tactical and tactical missiles, of formations and units of
howitzer, cannon, jet-propelled and anti-tank artillery, of artillery reconnaissance, of mortar units and of units of anti-tank missiles. They are assigned to destroy human resources, tanks, artillery, anti-tanks enemy weapons, aircraft, objects of air defense and other important objects during the combat arms operations.
Formations, units and elements of Rocket troops and artillery are equipped by:
- missile complexes of operational-tactical and tactical missiles;
- multi-launcher rocket systems, as “Smerch”, “Uragan”, “Grad”;
- “Giacint”, “Pion”, “Akacia”, “Gvozdika” howitzers;
- “Shturm”, “Konkurs”, “Rapira” anti-tank weapons.
The Army aviation is the most maneuverable branch of the Army, intended to conduct the tasks under different conditions of combat arms operations.
Units and elements of the Army aviation provide reconnaissance, defeat weapons, equipment and humane resources of enemy, give fire support during the offence or counterattack, land tactical troops, deliver combat weapons and personnel at the specified areas, execute other main tasks.
The Army consists of brigades and regiments of the Army aviation.
Formations and units of the Army aviation are equipped by Mi-8, Mi-24 and their modifications.
The airmobile forces is a highly mobile component of the Army. The airmobile forces consists of formations, units and elements of the Army and the Army aviation, that well trained for combined activities in the rear of the enemy.
The airmobile forces is in constant combat readiness and is the high mobility branch of forces, that is capable of conducting any task under any conditions.
The airmobile forces consists of airmobile division, single airmobile brigades and regiments.
The Army Air Defense covers troops against enemy attacks from air in all kinds of combat operations, during regrouping and dislocation on terrain.
The Army Air Defense is equipped by effective surface-to-air missile systems and complexes of division level and antiaircraft missile and artillery complexes of regiment level characterized by high rate of fire, vitality, maneuverability, by capability of action under all conditions of modern combat arms operations.
Surface-to-air missile systems and complexes of division level are equipped by surface-to-air missile complexes “Osa”, “Kub”,
Antiaircraft missile and artillery complexes of regiment level are equipped by antiaircraft missile complexes “Strila-10”, “Tunguska”, “Igla”, “Shilka”.
Reformation and development of the Army of the Armed Forces of Ukraine for the period till 2005
The main task of reformation and development of the Army is the creation of combat ready, combat effective, equipped by modern types of weapons and military vehicles formation and units, ready to accomplish assigned tasks.
One of the way of the goal achievement is an improvement of the structure of formations and units of the Army. The most peculiar feature of this process will be the transition from division-regiment to brigade-battalion structure, which will allow to increase mobility, autonomy, and fire and strike power of formations and units.
Western operational command
The Commander-in-Chief of operational command - lieutenant-general Kutsin Mihaylo
Southern operational command
The Commander-in-Chief of operational command - lieutenant-general Svida Ivan