The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
The history of world aviation is closely connected with Ukraine. One of the first planes, was created here. Olexandr Mogaiskiy is the designer of one of the first planes, which had flown in the air, Mykola Kybalchych is the founder of the theory of missile construction, Olexandr Zasiadko is the designer of combat missiles, all of them worked in Ukraine. The Kievans’ names Ihor Sicorskiy and Dmytro Grygorovych became world famous due to their invention of an aircraft. The Ukrainian brave falcons Kostiantyn Arceulov and Volodymyr Dybovsky managed to suppress the fear of the first world aviators –and accomplished “spin” – one of pilots’ stunts . Evgraf Kruten - the courageous and talented pilot laid the foundation of tactics of fighter aviation, on which the modern rules of air battle are based. The manufacturer Artur Anatra had built one of the first aircraft plants in Odessa in the Russian
The history of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine begins since the origin of Ukrainian National Republic. Zaporozhye air flying squadron that was established at the end of March, 1918, set up aviation units of the Armed forces. It was the part of army corps originated from Zaporozhye division and was deployed in Kharkov. Afterwards new aviation units were formed. They were united in three aviation detachments (inspectorates), and squadron of heavy four-engines bombers of types “ Illia Murometc”. Bombers carried up to 800 kg of bombs and were equipped with 7-8 machine-guns. In December 1918 the first flying unit “litunska sotnia” had become the part of the Ukrainian Galician Army, that was the paramilitary unit of Western-Ukrainian National Republic, and then flying regiment “litunskiy regiment” was established, which included 40 plains of different types.
Ukrainian pilots were remarkable for high airmanship and heroism during World War II. They carried out thousands of operational flights, they were the winners of hundreds of air combats against enemy planes. The most remarkable of them – Ivan Kogedub is the number one ace of the Soviet Air Force, three times the Hero of the Soviet Union (62 air victories) and two times the Hero of the Soviet Union Serhy Grycevec (40 air victories).
Military pilots proved their best skills in Afghanistan. Combat operations, convoy covering, cargo delivery were a quite incomplete list of what military pilots of Ukraine were doing on that war. And in the present time a lot of veterans of that war are on active duty. The Union of combatants (of veterans of Afghanistan war) of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was created. The Union provides social and legal protection of combatants and family members.
The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was created in March, 17, 1992 according to the Order of Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The Command of the Air Force was formed on base of staff of 24 Air Corps in Vinnitsa. 4 Air Corps, 10 air divisions, 49 air regiments, 11 separate squadrons, training and special institutions at that time were deployed at Ukraine; total about 600 military units, 2800 aircraft, more then 120 thousands of military men.
Today The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine consists of 5 branches of aviation. It consists of aviation corps, separate division of transport aviation and centers of training of
personnel. Kharkov institute of the Air Force is the center of training for military aviation.
The professional day of aviators was established according to the Decree of the President of Ukraine № 119/96
of January, 10, 1996, that is celebrated on the last Saturday of August. Nowadays The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is the one of the important guarantors of the integrity and independence of our country. The Air Force firmly secures the air space of Ukraine.
In 1997 the Program of establishment and development of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine of the period till 2005 was worked out and approved by Minister of Defence of Ukraine.
In 2000 the Program of reforming and development of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine of the period till 2005 was worked out and approved by Minister of Defence of Ukraine, according to the Decree of the President of Ukraine №927/2000 dated 28.07.2000.
The Command of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is the military control body of the branch of the Armed Forces of Ukraine - The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
The main tasks of the Command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are:
- realization of state policy on issues of reformation and development of the Air Force;
- direct leadership of the Air Force, conducting measures of keeping them in constant combat and mobilization readiness;
- training organization of the Air Force for tasks of defense of the country;
- organization of supplying the Air Force with weapons, military and material-technical equipments;
- realization of measures for protection of social and legal guaranties for military men, their family members and employees of Armed Forces of Ukraine.
The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is one of the main supports of military combat potential of the Armed forces of Ukraine. This high mobility branch of the Armed forces of Ukraine assigned, compatible with the Air defense, for country air space security, for enemy objects assault and battery, for own troops support, for landing operations, for air carriages of troops and equipments and for aerial reconnaissance.
The main tasks of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine:
- achievements of air superiority;
- covering of forces and objects against enemy air strike;
- the Army and the Navy combat operations aerial support;
- breakdown the enemy maneuver and its transportation;
- landing operations and fight against enemy troops landed;
- aerial reconnaissance;
- air transportation of troops and equipments;
- destruction of enemy military industrial and state objects, communications infrastructure.
The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine consists of the branches:
Bomber Aviation (consists of Tu-22m3, Su-24m aircraft) is the main striking force of the Air Force and intended for destruction of troops, aircraft, the Navy and military-industrial and power objects in strategic and operational depth.
Assault Aviation (consists of Su-25 aircraft) provides air support of ground forces and intended for destruction of enemy troops and ground (sea) targets at the tactical depth of the front line.
Fighter Aviation (consists of Su-27, Mig-29 aircraft) carries out the direct air combat with enemy aircraft and intended for aircraft, helicopters, air cruise missiles and terrain (marine) objects destruction.
Reconnaissance Aviation (consists of Su-24mr, Su-17m4r aircraft) intended for enemy, terrene and weather aerial reconnaissance.
Transport aviation (consist of Il-76, An-24 aircraft) intended for lending operations, troops and equipments air carriages.
The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine structurally consists of aircraft corps, aircraft groups, aircraft units and institutions. Training aviation command is the common operating control center of aviation personnel training of all levels and being the part of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.
The main task of The Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine reforming and development is the creation of effective, personnel moderate aircraft force with high feasibility of allotted tasks.
The achievement of this goal is planning to carry out by the improvement of organizational structure and strength, to support optimum deployment, to maintain battle potential, raising the level of aircrews skills and modernization of aircraft basic types, armaments and air supply means.